Eye hygiene, although the name is a little confusing, does not refer to proper cleaning of the eyes. This is a medical concept that goes further. It’s a set of simple rules that are used to control the factors that can damage your eyesight.
In other words, eye hygiene consists of changing certain habits, such as distancing yourself from a book while reading, to take care of your vision. It is also called visual ergonomics.
These standards of eye hygiene have become very necessary today. Today, we spend most of our days in front of cell phones and computer screens, whether for work or out of habit.
All of this makes our vision increasingly problematic. Much of the population ends up needing glasses at some point in their lives, or suffers from some kind of problem, such as eyestrain, nearsightedness or others.
So in this article we’ll explain what eye hygiene is and what these simple rules are that can help prevent or reduce vision problems.
Eye hygiene standards for work
Today, most jobs are based on being in an office in front of a computer or screen. Likewise, from an early age, children spend hours and hours in front of a book or looking at the blackboard in the classroom.
This means that, during all these hours, we are continually straining our vision. Also, we don’t pay attention to our posture, nor do we allow our eyes to rest. All of this can end up impairing our sense of sight.
Eye hygiene proposes a series of very simple rules. If you apply them, over time you will find that by the end of the day your eyes are no longer uncomfortable and your vision has improved. Some of these rules are:
- Pay attention to posture. This is especially relevant when it comes to children, as a bad posture habit can do harm in the future. Ideally, sit upright in a chair. Your feet should touch the ground and you should avoid bending over.
- This first rule brings us to another: you must choose your place of work well. It is important that the chair and table allow us to be comfortable. Experts recommend that it be a chair with adjustable height and that the table can be tilted according to our preferences.
- For good eye hygiene, we must take care of the lighting. Working in low light makes it necessary to squint, while bright light can also irritate your eyesight. We should use lighting that doesn’t go directly into our eyes and doesn’t cause reflections on the paper or screen.
What other eye hygiene guidelines are there?
Another of the most important aspects of taking care of our eye hygiene are breaks. Yes, rest during work or study is absolutely necessary. This allows our mind to improve its performance, and the same goes for our eyes.
When we look at a nearby object for a long period of time, our eyes get tired. Therefore, it is always recommended that every half hour of work, a short period of time, even a minute, is used to rest the eyes.
On the other hand, another important factor in eye hygiene is the distance we keep from what we want to see. It is advisable, in the case of a book or a canvas, to keep a distance about the same distance as the forearm.
However, not all guidelines should be applied while working. Simple, everyday activities, such as watching television, should also be reviewed. In this case, it is especially important to monitor the distance, which should be about seven times the screen size.
Eye hygiene comprises a series of very simple rules, such as taking care of our posture in front of a book or computer, which allow us to improve or avoid vision problems.
However, the most important thing is to consult an ophthalmologist in case of doubts and eye problems. He will be in charge of correctly assessing your vision and will specifically advise you on what is best for you.