Do you have difficulty sleeping? Does your sleep period last less than 8 hours? If you answer yes to these two questions, know that your health is at risk and that you are likely to suffer the consequences in the short and long term.
It has been known for hundreds of years that sleep and its quality is related to different aspects of health, as it is exactly when you rest that the body starts certain activities that it cannot do during the day.
In addition to the physical consequences, which are noticed almost immediately, there are also serious emotional effects that can affect the person when not properly controlled.
Having an uninterrupted and pleasant sleep is a habit that helps to balance the emotional and physical state of all individuals ; therefore, when someone does not sleep for the recommended time, the safest thing is that its effects start to reduce their quality of life.
Do you know the risks of not sleeping well? Know the consequences of sleeping less than 8 hours a day below.
Consequence of little sleep
increased blood pressure
Not sleeping, sleeping too little or having difficulty falling asleep directly influences blood pressure.
Sleeping less than 8 hours can increase systolic blood pressure levels as much as 132, when ideally below 120.
Lack of rest and sleep has a major impact on the ability to process glucose, which leads to high blood sugar levels and an increased risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes and being overweight.
Decreased sleep time is associated with increased body mass index (BMI). Not getting enough sleep decreases leptin (appetite reducer) levels and increases ghrelin (appetite stimulant) levels.
Due to this effect, sleep deprivation is related to the risk of suffering from obesity. And all this because the craving for carbohydrates and calories increases, generating in turn an craving for food.
Less energy expenditure
People who are unable to sleep properly are less likely to be physically active, which results in less energy expenditure and therefore more calories.
If the reduction in physical activity is associated with increased appetite and the desire to eat unhealthy foods, it is more than evident that this type of change influences body weight.
Effects on the brain
The brain is one of the organs most affected by the negative impact of not getting enough sleep.
The effects on him are immediate, as after not sleeping well or having a bad night, it is difficult for the person to be able to cognitively yield and concentrate on their activities.
Also, in the long run, the brain loses its ability to clear plaque-forming proteins; which can later lead to dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.
fragile immune system
Physical exhaustion, caused by poor sleep quality, compromises the immune system, generating a decrease in antibodies.
So does the risk of disease and infection.
The consequences on the mood are immediate and almost always manifest themselves with irritable emotions; well with stress, anxiety or depression.
After having a bad night or not getting enough sleep, there is a greater risk of suffering from stress because cortisol levels rise.
Sleeping less than 8 hours a day increases the risk of suffering from muscle pain; as well as severe headaches during the day.
Insomnia, along with smoking and sun exposure, are the main causes of premature skin aging.
During sleep, the body increases levels of the hormone responsible for skin elasticity; this plays an important role in preventing wrinkles.
Furthermore, a good rest contributes to cell regeneration; as well as decreasing the impact of free radicals on skin tissue.
weakens the muscles
It is useless to train long hours a day to strengthen your muscles if you don’t have adequate rest at night.
During sleep, the body releases hormones that regulate essential functions, including growth hormones. Therefore, those who sleep little hardly develop their muscles properly; in addition, it is very likely that you will feel more physical wear and tear.