If you’ve been diagnosed with a problem related to your thyroid gland, in this article, we’ll show you the best diet to take care of your thyroid gland and what you should avoid to keep these disorders under control.
What is the thyroid?
Its main function is to form thyroid hormones, take them to the bloodstream and distribute them to all tissues that make up our body. In addition, these hormones allow the body to perform the following functions:
- Manage energy.
- Maintain body temperature.
- Ensure proper functioning of organs such as heart, brain, muscles.
What is hypothyroidism?
ATA ensures that hypothyroidism is the reflex of an underactive thyroid gland. This means that the follicle does not have the ability to generate enough thyroid hormone for the body to function properly.
People with this disease have a decrease in the secretion of thyroid hormones in their blood. They also have a decrease in the functional activity of the thyroid glands.
What are its causes?
According to the ATA, the most frequent causes of the onset of hypothyroidism are as follows:
In some people, the immune system, which naturally defends the body against foreign infections such as viruses or bacteria, tends to confuse thyroid cells and their molecules with invading organisms. So he attacks and destroys them. This means that there are not enough cells and molecules that can produce the correct amount of thyroid hormone that our bodies need to function normally.
This case is more present in women than in men. It can start spontaneously or develop gradually over several years. The most common diseases are atrophic thyroiditis and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
Removal of the thyroid gland surgically
People who have thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules or Graves’ disease should have this surgery. Part or all of the thyroid gland can be removed.
When completely eliminated, the patient will develop hypothyroidism. However, if it remains intact, even a part, it can generate enough thyroid hormone to keep blood levels in the usual range.
Individuals suffering from some of the conditions mentioned in the previous point are subjected to treatments with radioactive iodine, with the aim of destroying the thyroid gland. In addition, those suffering from Hodgkin’s disease or head or neck cancer are treated with radiation. Consequently, they tend to lose some or all of their thyroid function.
Thyroid cells may not produce enough thyroid hormone due to the following causes:
- congenital hypothyroidism
- Lithium Medications
- alpha interferons
- Amiodarone or Interleukin 2
- Also due to excess or lack of iodine, pituitary damage and rare infiltrative thyroid disorders.
What is the best diet to take care of the thyroid gland?
If you’ve been diagnosed with hypothyroidism, a condition that 10% of the world’s population suffers from, experts recommend that you follow a balanced diet that helps you take care of your thyroid. Next, consider some features:
The body needs iodine to produce thyroid hormones. Unfortunately, we cannot generate it naturally. Thus, it is necessary to include in the diet this trace element that regulates the body’s energy and growth.
The richest options are sea fish, shellfish and seaweed. The latter can be used in salads, soups or sushi, to name a few dishes. One serving a day is sufficient, as consuming too much iodine can have an adverse effect.
ingest dairy products
Having thyroid disorders weakens your bones. Therefore, it is advisable to eat yogurt, milk and cheese, sources that will help you strengthen them and take care of your thyroid. Frequent sun exposure is also recommended in order to stimulate endogenous vitamin D synthesis.
By taking infusions of lemon balm or green tea, for example, our bodies will get antioxidants that will help calm the overactive thyroid gland.
In addition, proper consumption of strawberries, chicken and walnuts is also highly recommended for people suffering from a problem with the thyroid glands.
Foods You Should Avoid to Care for Your Thyroid Gland
It is advisable to avoid eating foods that are processed, refined, or fortified with unhealthy fats.
In addition, it is advisable to reduce soy intake, as it generates phytoestrogens that, despite promoting cholesterol, can impair thyroxine production, as they prevent iodine from being fixed in our body.
Watch your diet to take care of the thyroid gland
However, if you suspect that you have a problem related to the health of this gland, see a specialist.