Treatment Of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are inflamed veins in the perianal area that cause pain and afflict millions of people around the world. As always, it is better to take preventative measures and see this hemorrhoids treatment.
hemorrhoid treatment

Treating hemorrhoids requires patience and perseverance. This is an extremely irritating and widespread disease in the population. Those who suffer from it suffer a lot from the symptoms, which in some cases become disabling.

Hemorrhoids are veins that are located near the anus. When inflamed, they produce itching, pain and bleeding. Symptoms get worse if there is constipation or hard stools. Also due to the chemical action of some compounds such as caffeine, alcohol or spices, among others.

For the treatment of hemorrhoids, there are home remedies and surgical procedures. It all depends on the level of severity and characteristics of the inflammation. Either way, it’s always worth starting with the simplest solutions and progressing if necessary.

Preventive measures for the treatment of hemorrhoids

9 natural remedies to fight hemorrhoids

There are a number of natural preventive and curative measures for treating hemorrhoids. The most important preventive measures are:

  • Avoid constipation  at all costs. Hard stools increase the intensity of symptoms. To prevent this from happening, it is best to maintain a diet rich in fiber and abundant fluids.
  • Exercise often. A sedentary lifestyle increases hemorrhoid symptoms, especially if you spend a lot of time sitting. The ideal is to practice physical activity frequently, although cycling, horseback riding and rowing are not recommended.
  • Avoid some foods. These include coffee, dark drinks, chocolate, highly seasoned foods, alcohol and excess salt.
  • Wear cotton panties.

Many people use laxatives to prevent constipation. However, they must be used with care and always following the doctor’s instructions. While this is an effective method, it can cause other problems.

Of interest: Discover how to treat bleeding hemorrhoids

creams and ointments

Treatment of hemorrhoids cream

The symptoms of inflamed hemorrhoids  can be treated with creams and ointments. Although there are many options on the market, it is always better to be prescribed by a doctor. The most common components of these products are astringents, which are generally light, and also:

  • Delicate antiseptics
    • Bismuth oxide.
    • Zinc oxide.
    • Witch Hazel
    • alatoin
  • Local anesthetics.
  • Corticosteroids
  • emollients

Choose those that do not contain corticosteroids, as they can cause itching and local dermatitis. The use of creams is usually complemented with the ingestion of analgesics. In turn, the safest preparations are those that contain mild astringents.

More severe cases may require a hemorrhoidectomy.

It is common that suppositories are also used for the treatment of hemorrhoids. Many of these products are available over-the-counter from pharmacies. However, it is advisable to be careful when using them. Most of them contain corticosteroids and local anesthetics that can eventually cause adverse effects.

See also: How to treat hemorrhoids naturally?

More specialized treatments

Medicines to treat hemorrhoids

Sometimes it is not enough to take care of the food and apply ointments to the affected area.  When hemorrhoids are internal and cause a lot of pain or are bleeding a lot, the doctor may recommend one of the following treatments:

  • Elastic bands. They serve to strangle the hemorrhoid and cause necrosis. After a few days, it falls alone.
  • Coagulation with laser or infrared light. In this procedure, heat is applied to the affected area to produce coagulation. The hemorrhoid shrinks and disappears.
  • Cryotherapy. In this method, the hemorrhoid is frozen with liquid nitrogen. It causes inflammation in the anus and healing is slow.
  • Sclerosing injections. In this case, different substances are injected directly into the hemorrhoids to cause scarring and reduce symptoms.

More serious cases may require a hemorrhoidectomy. It is surgery to surgically remove hemorrhoids. Like all surgery, this entails risks. One is the formation of clots in the legs. The post-operative period is painful and slow, until the definitive cure is achieved. However, it is an effective method.

There is a new option for treating hemorrhoids. It is the transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD). This method was created in 1995 and there is still not enough information about its effectiveness. However,  it does not require cuts and the risk of bleeding is low. The postoperative period is also less painful than hemorrhoidectomy.

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